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トランプ大統領、GMに業務の米国回帰を要請-オハイオ工場閉鎖巡り

  • GMと全米自動車労組との早急な交渉開始を求める-大統領
  • 大統領はGMのバーラCEOとの会談で工場売却などの対応要請

トランプ米大統領は18日、ゼネラル・モーターズ(GM)と全米自動車労組(UAW)が直ちに交渉を開始するよう求めると述べ、同社のオハイオ州工場再開を3日連続で呼びかけた。

  トランプ大統領は同日早くにツイッターで、「オハイオ州の大きく美しい工場を今稼働させよう」と述べた。週末にもGMとUAWに対し一連のツイートを送った大統領は「中国やメキシコの工場を閉鎖せよ。GMはトランプ政権発足前にこれらの地域に大型投資したが、米国にはそうしなかった。業務を本国に戻そう!」と訴えた。

  トランプ大統領は17日、GMのメアリー・バーラ最高経営責任者(CEO)と同工場について会談した後にツイッターで、「米国の他の分野が好況なのに同工場が閉鎖されるのは不満だ」と述べた上で、「同工場を売却するか迅速に何らかの措置を取る」よう求めたことを明らかにした。

General Motors Co. Lordstown Assembly Plant Ahead Of Closure

GMのオハイオ州工場。

写真家:Allison Farrand / Bloomberg

原題:Trump Calls on GM to ‘Bring Jobs Home’ After Ohio Plant Closing(抜粋)

Trump said Sunday he’d asked GM Chief Executive Officer Mary Barra to sell the plant and tried to shift blame to the Democratic leader of the local union.

“I am not happy that it is closed when everything else in our Country is BOOMING,” Trump said in a tweet Sunday after he said he had just spoken to Barra about the plant. “I asked her to sell it or do something quickly.”

Earlier on Sunday, Trump tweeted that “Democrat UAW Local 1112 President David Green ought to get his act together and produce.” He added, “Stop complaining and get the job done!”

GM didn’t address Trump’s tweet directly Sunday and declined to comment on the notion that Barra blamed the UAW for the closure of the Lordstown plant. The automaker did attempt to clarify its position that keeping open any of the plants that are slated to close are subject to labor negotiations with the UAW for a new contract this year. The current deal expires in September.

“To be clear, under the terms of the UAW-GM National Agreement, the ultimate future of the unallocated plants will be resolved between GM and the UAW,” GM said in a statement. “We remain open to talking with all affected stakeholders, but our main focus remains on our employees and offering them jobs in our plants where we have growth opportunities.”

The carmaker said it has placed more than 1,000 employees from so-called unallocated plants to other GM factories, adding that it has “opportunities available for virtually all impacted employees.”

In a telephone interview on Sunday, Green, the president of United Auto Workers Local 1112, responded, “We have produced and my act is together. Come on down and have a look.’’

The president is scheduled to make a trip to Ohio in the week ahead, with a stop at a tank factory in Lima.

Green, who’s been a critic of the president in the past, said Trump had pledged to preserve jobs in Trumbull County, where GM’s Lordstown plant is located, but the unemployment rate there was 7.7 percent in January.

‘Empty Promises’

“They’re like empty promises because again, we’ve seen nothing but job loss in this area,” Green said. “And he thinks that the economy is doing so well?’’

Trump’s attack on Green was a change in focus from Saturday, when the president tweeted that “because the economy is so good, General Motors must get their Lordstown, Ohio, plant open, maybe in a different form or with a new owner, FAST!”

GM is threatening to close plants that build sedans and compact cars because consumers have been moving to sport-utility vehicles for several years. The plant had been used to produce the slow-selling Chevrolet Cruze compact car.

The automaker and its rivals also see an overall car market that was flat in 2018 at 17.3 million cars and trucks, and is predicted to fall this year.

To Trump’s point, that’s still a relatively strong car market, with sales hitting a record in 2016 at 17.6 million. For GM, its main problem was that even in a strong market, the company doesn’t need all the factories it has been running. Sales of the Chevrolet Cruze compact built in Lordstown fell 23 percent to just under 143,000 vehicles, according to GM’s reported sales.

Carmakers aim to use at least 80 percent of the production capacity they have in place, otherwise the plants usually lose money. At the time that GM announced that it was cutting plants in January, Lordstown was only using about one-third of its production, according to researcher LMC Automotive.

In November, GM included Lordstown on a list of four plants in the U.S. and one in Canada that could be shuttered by the end of 2019 if the automaker and its unions don’t come up with an agreement to allocate more work to those facilities. In the following month, Barra said in meetings with Ohio lawmakers that the future of the factory can turn on the outcome of labor talks.

Toyota’s Plans

The president cited Toyota Motor Corp.’s plans to add to its U.S. investments, announced Thursday, bringing the amount to almost $13 billion over five years ending in 2021.

Toyota, Japan’s largest automaker, has tried to work its way into Trump’s good graces after being a target of his tweets when he was president-elect in January 2017. Days after drawing criticism for plans to build Corolla cars in Mexico, Toyota announced a $10 billion, five-year investment plan. In August of that year, it unveiled plans with Mazda Motor Corp. to jointly build a $1.6 billion factory in Alabama.

The final Cruze rolled off the Lordstown production line on March 6. Republican Senator Rob Portman of Ohio called it a “sad day” and urged GM to use the site for future electric-vehicle production. A UAW spokesman said in a statement Sunday that the union’s “focus is on our members and to leave no stone unturned to keep the GM plants open.”

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